Learning programming is fun and easy, but writing down a good quality code can be a little bit daunting task. In several cases, developers find themselves scratching their heads trying to understand or break down the previously written spaghetti code just to make some minor changes in the setup.
Such outcome can easily bring down the developer’s confidence but these can be solved with proper development practices. In this post, you will come across six worthy habits that will help you chalk out a clean and smarter code with less effort. So let’s start developing these habits now!
- Write Human-Friendly Code
Always remember that you are not writing code for machines but for others too. So it is essential to come up with a readable code. It is true that programming is like writing a good poem. The tone should be very consistent, the words should be descriptive & sentence well-structured.
Here are some tips to write friendly code.
- Follow Consistent naming conventions
For instance, if you name private variables with an underscore as the first letter, you should follow that trend throughout the code. And if you are working with a team, it will be good if you first discuss naming conventions before anyone moves further with the code.
- Descriptive Variable / Method Name
The variable and method name should be described in a proper manner. For example, uncommon abbreviations like Sort_PT() may be confusing: what does the PT mean? If you can’t answer it on a second check, optimise the name to Sort_PostType() for better comprehension.
- Planning Before Coding
It’s crucial to know exactly what to do before you initiate the process. In the scripting industry, it is important to plan ahead. Writing a fixed navigation menu is easy, but what if menu needs to be adaptive while able to minimise itself when visitors want to scroll down the page?
- Plan Your Code
So instead of problem-solving & programming the parallel way, it’s far easier to figure out the process first, then write the solution.
- Write Manageable Code
How to make this possible? Use array. It’s perfect for storing multiple variables and you can access all those variables with convenience for loop or for each method. There are several dynamic methods to add, arrange & retrieve data in certain languages such as List and LINQ for C#, so be sure to regularly look out for better features, libraries or plugins for smarter data management.
- Stop Overdoing Features
As the skills mature, developers tend to build more complex solutions that cater to a wider range of needs of their clients. It’s a good sign of growth but be careful as you might be stepping into another trap by overdoing a feature which is entirely unnecessary for the project.
During the development phase, it’s important to keep in mind the project’s primary objective and only add those features which fulfil the purpose. If you know the exact collection size then use Array. It List’s function is able to retrieve the data they way you want, don’t use the advanced LINQ.
- Find A Stronger Editor
The right tools can help you grow in knowledge and expedite project completion. It doesn’t matter how experienced you are, it’s recommended to opt for those editors that offer code completion such as Sublime Text and Aptana Studio 3.
This feature will not only help beginners to understand & learn the syntax, but it also allows professionals to put up better codes or solutions for the future use.
- Always Learn Something New
In this field, you can get phased out pretty quickly. Within just 10 years several developmental approaches and scripting languages have been declared obsolete. Even if you graduate in this subject from the top college that still doesn’t ensure you are primed for employment.
- Learn To Debug in an efficient manner
- Do the Version Control
There will be times when you make a big programming mistake and wish to go back to the earlier version of the code then you can take help of the Git- a popular version control system which consists of a large number of documentations. With Git, you can keep as many as revisions as you want, send out the files for some coding experiment, track down the part of your code which you changed last time and revert back to it whenever you want.
- Don’t develop extra prototypes, Finish Current Project
It’s true that the coding and debugging can drain you physically and emotionally. And some of the developers are inclined towards building prototypes of their work, even before it is actually finished. Although, prototyping is beneficial in the long run but it doesn’t help you in escaping from work.
- Think about Organisation
A clean, structured and well-organised code helps in eliminating the readability issues. It is essential to group your script to enable an easy modification. Don’t put your whole code into a single script. It might seem convenient to have 9000+ lines of code but debugging will become a nightmare. The best practice is to separate the code into different files as per their primary functions.
In this post, you will come across some helpful tips which will surely help you in website development. It will be good be good if you follow these practices and try to stick to them for your own good.
Author Bio :
Sophia is a trained WordPress developer working with WordPrax Ltd.- A leading HTML to WordPress conversion services company. If you’re planning to convert HTML website to WordPress for a brilliant online presence, she can help you. Some stunning articles related to website markup conversions can be found under her name. twitter, facebook, pinterest.